Kanon und Gigue - Hesperion XXI:

TLDR: What's the instrument name at 0:00 to 0:08 (not the cello one)?

On 0:00 to 0:08, I heard two instruments playing the bass progression in which one i believe should be a cello (Baroque cello), but I am not sure about the other one. I tried to find related information regarding the instrumentation of the piece (by Hesperion XXI), only to no avail. It sounds to be a type of organ, considering the audible pedal pressing sound.

  • This seems to be a version of "Kanon und Gigue für 3 Violinen mit Generalbaß" by Pachelbel, better known as Pachelbel's Canon.
    – Mast
    May 17 at 9:27
  • See also CD credits in discogs.com/release/2095787 (track 16)
    – xhienne
    May 17 at 11:18

You are hearing a cello and an organ. There's also a theorbo on the track.

The organ is very likely a positive organ, or box organ, of the type made by Taylor & Boody or Klop, among several others.

Here's a video of a live performance using the same instrumentation:

  • 1
    For those not familiar with the theorbo: it's similar to a lute with added bass strings. Note: in the original example it doesn't start playing until the melody starts, around 0:08.
    – PiedPiper
    May 20 at 8:25
  • @PiedPiper Thanks, I didn't know. I added a link to the WP page about the theorbo.
    – xhienne
    May 20 at 12:39

There is a mechanical pipe organ playing with a very mellow flute or recorder stop.
You can go here for a demonstration of various organ stops. Some of the ones around 2:30 are similar to the example (they're somewhat brighter, probably because they are played on a modern organ).
Another example:


I happen to have this CD, so I can add the authorative details, if required (while all are pretty close).

Michael Behringer, Luca Guglielmi

organo di legno Bernhard Fleig, 1993 (Basel, Suisse) d’après anonyme italien de 1600

clavecin Othmar Zumbach, 1976 (Wetzikon. Suisse) d’après anonyme italien de 1693

There is even a full description of the re-construction pocess of this organ available on the page of the manufacturer. While in German, it has lots of photographs. Summary: The pipes are made of wood (cf. di legno) as most of the instrument, and it is tuned in mean-tone with subdivided black keys.

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