I have read here that the drums in Led Zeppelin's "When The Levee Breaks" were recorded with only two microphones.
But are there also famous examples of pop/rock songs, where the drums were recorded using only one microphone?
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Thinking in logic steps..One Mic drum technique was a really "cheap" technique for late 60's & early 70's . The music business was at its best so why not spare another Mic in there.
So as far as famous pop/rock songs (or examples) i think that it could only be used as an effect cause big studios = famous tracks.
So , two? yea , a lot .. One? hmmm.
The only reason someone would record a drum kit or even a full band with a single Mic (in the 60's - 70's era) would be because he couldn't afford more. It wasn't exactly the time of stray bootlegs or published demos that got famous hand by hand. At that time if you had something good , you were in a good studio.
On the other hand , there were a lot 1 source drum printing(2+ mics into 1 mono track) which someone could argue its similar to a single Mic setup , but if you are only after the "famous 1 Mic 60's - 70's pop/rock songs' this part doesn't interest you.
Your best bet is going back to old soul & R&B records as this guy here says:Gabriel Roth - Minimalist Engineering (still not pop/rock but close :D)
P.S.: This is not a reference answer , it's based on my own extensive research on production and recording techniques in the older eras.