"Take 5", in 5/4, is the top-selling jazz single of all time. It hit 25 on the pop charts as well. The Dave Brubeck Quartet, which recorded it, was known for unusual time signatures. It was composed by saxophonist Paul Desmond. The album it comes from, Time Out, is one of the biggest selling jazz albums of all times. Every song on the album features either multiple time signatures or unusual time signatures --the album as a whole was inspired by Brubeck encountering a characteristic Turkish rhythm, 2 + 2 + 2 + 3 / 8, and composing a song ("Blue Rondo a la Turk") in that meter.
Juliana Hatfield's pop song "Spin The Bottle", also in 5/4, hit #97 on the charts in 1993.
By the way, there's a wonderful recording of "Golden Brown" by the Jolly Boys, although unfortunately it omits the extra beat.