The term you're looking for is probably sampling. To quote from Wikipedia, sampling is
the reuse of a portion or sample of a sound recording in another recording. Samples may comprise rhythm, melody, speech, or other sounds.
As for examples, you can try searching on Google using keywords like 'list of sampled songs' or the like. There are a lot of these ...
"Acoustic" as a descriptor for instruments is a retronym (like "analog" for a watch) that came into widespread use only once electric and electronic instruments were invented. It means an instrument that is designed to be played without any electricity involved --so in other words, at one time all instruments were acoustic.
"Unplugged" is a bit different,...
The lyrics are in Serbian, not Russian. These lines come from the song "Ruse kose curo imaš":
Aman, da gi žalim,
ne bi ti gi dala
da gi mrsiš ti!
Translation (by lyricstranslate)
Even if I did,
I wouldn't give them to you
To play with them
You can listen to the song itself, performed by Gordana Lazarević, on YouTube: ...
In this context Ben Folds "on top of the beat" is referring to Scott pushing the beat a little, i.e. getting a fraction ahead or rushing a bit, but it's only something you'd notice if you listen very closely. Scott is probably nervous and sometimes when he's singing a rhythmically faster passage it's not quite synchronized with the rest (around 2:00). The ...
I am no expert on Reich's music, but his Music For 18 Musicians seems very tightly focused on the singular idea of the transformations possible in the sheer texture of sound, even given a large number of constants (such as the constant sixteenth note pulse in this song). Glass's music is more varied, and less focused, at least comparatively.
Both of the terms are basically interchangeable.
Acoustic has a much older etymology dating back to the 16 hundreds, and did evolve to encompass music played without mechanical and electronic aid.
Unplugged, in terms of music, also covers the same definition but was first coined and popularised late 80's.
Language" in this context, refers to the characteristic phrasing and patterns of the song, which is being compared metaphorically to the rhythms and tonalities of speech. It's a good pairing with the immediately preceding description of the orchestra as a chorus. Vocal terms are used very frequently for instrumental music, to the point where they might be ...
Bass is low sounds which make a kind of
Treble is high sounds which make a more
Bass deep voice "oo"
Treble higher voice "i"
Take the genre trance for example
What sounds like glass bottles clanging together mixed with a sharpish clang and a "iiiiiiiii" sound is the treble
What sounds like the quiter yet heavier "oo" echo ...
As @User16 noted, the characteristic stuttering heartbeat rhythm of Reggaeton is called dembow, after the song that initially popularized it, Shabba Ranks' (infamously homophobic) reggae dancehall hit Dem Bow.
Dembow, also called dembo, has become a very popular and influential rhythm around the world. It has even made its way into mainstream American pop ...